Is Home Equity Loan Interest Tax-Deductible: A Complete Guide

Oct 24, 2022 By Susan Kelly

Taking out a loan against one's home is one of the cheapest ways to access finances. It's often easier to qualify for a lower interest rate when consolidating debt with a home equity loan than using credit cards or other personal loans. A large advantage of home equity loans is that the money can be used for anything, not only home improvement.

Any purpose, from launching a new company to eliminating credit card debt to funding a much-needed vacation, is fair game for a home equity loan. The interest you pay on a home-equity loan can make you question if it's deductible. You may be capable of deducting the interest you pay on a home equity loan. However, this benefit is conditional on how the money from the home equity loan is used.

What Is Home Equity Loans Interest?

The value of the borrower's equity in their home serves as collateral for home equity loans. The borrower's residence is jeopardized whenever they take out a loan against their home's equity. Lenders have the legal right to sell the collateral of defaulting borrowers to reclaim some of the money they lost on the loans.

The interest rates on home equity loans are typically lower than those on other types of loans, such as unsecured personal loans; nevertheless, the fees and other charges associated with these loans may be greater. In addition, only homeowners with sufficient home equity to satisfy the loan-to-value (LTV) requirements of lenders can apply for these types of loans. LTV benchmarks often place a cap on a loan amount that may be obtained at 80%A fin of the property's appraised value.

Traditional home equity loans involve the transfer of one large quantity of money to the borrower all at once. Borrowers who take out home equity lines of credit, also known as HELOCs, can withdraw cash up to the maximum loan amount. Borrowers with a HELOC are only responsible for paying interest on the advanced money.

Are Home Equity Loans Interest Tax Deductible?

Many people today opt for a home equity line of credit to secure a loan, which allows them to use their house's equity as security. They typically have more affordable interest rates compared to other loans. Interest on a home equity loan can be deducted from your taxable income, but only under certain conditions. Formerly, all of the interest paid on such loans was tax deductible.

However, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) of 2017 made significant adjustments. If you're married and filing jointly, the new regulations allow you to deduct interest on a home equity loan of up to $750,000.

As an individual taxpayer, you may only claim $375,000. Those who borrow modest amounts won't be affected by these limitations. Many borrowers would be better off using the standard deduction rather than itemizing to save money on taxes. It's important to remember that only if the money is used to acquire or improve your primary dwelling does the interest on a home equity loan qualify for tax deductions. Interest paid is not tax deductible.

Tips For Deducting Mortgage Interest From Your Taxes

Obtain Your Mortgage Statements For The Year.

Each mortgage lender you work with should provide a mortgage interest statement detailing the amount of interest you paid them in the prior tax year. The date your loan originated is also included on this document for your reference when determining your deduction eligibility. If the interest you paid was less than $600, you might not get this form.

Compute The Sum Of Your Itemized Deductions.

When filing taxes, mortgage interest is deductible only if you itemize. The itemized deduction is unavailable if you opt for the standard deduction. Taxpayers often include mortgage interest with real estate taxes, personal property taxes, state and municipal income or sales taxes, and charitable donations. If you add these to your mortgage interest, you may be eligible to deduct them as an itemized deduction.

Make A Choice About Which Deduction Applies.

Prepaid interest refers to the interest portion of a loan for which points were paid. You may be eligible to deduct them if they appear on your Form 1098. No tax benefit is available unless your itemized deductions exceed the basic deduction. The standard deduction amount varies yearly, so keeping track of the latest amount is essential.

Initial Mortgage Interest Payments

If you are now in possession of a first mortgage, you are eligible to take a tax deduction for the interest you have paid on your mortgage and the interest you have paid on your home equity loan. The additional interest you accrue on top of the original loan amount will not be tax deductible, however, if you access your equity through a cash-out refinance and borrowed more than you owed on your previous mortgage.

In this case, you won't be able to deduct the interest on the higher loan amount unless it was utilized to improve your home. If you are a single taxpayer or a married couple filing a joint return, you can deduct up to $10,000 worth of state and local taxes under the rules that are now in place.

The maximum allowable deduction is $5,000 for married couples filing their taxes separately. You will need to itemize your deductions to receive a tax reduction for property taxes, just like you did for point deductions.


Disciplined borrowers who pay on time will benefit from the interest rates offered by home equity loans. The interest on a home equity loan has many advantages, but you should also be aware of its drawbacks. You're taking a risk by using the equity in your home as collateral since you could lose it if your income drops, you lose your job, or some other unforeseen disaster occurs. The unpredictable nature of Home Equity Loan Interest rates may not be the best financial option when rates are expected to increase.

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